HEALTH AND SAFETY INFORMATION
For the majority of trekkers, health problems are likely to be minor such as stomach upsets and blisters and common sense precautions are all that are required to avoid illness. Nepal does not formally require any vaccinations or any medical certificate for entering into the country, before preceding into journey it is essential to take precautions.
The major health concern is altitude- related illness or Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS). Thus, record all vaccinations on an International Health Certificate, available from a doctor or government health department. Plan ahead and schedule your vaccinations. It is recommended that you seek medical advice at least three weeks before traveling. Be aware that there is a greater risk of all kinds of disease for children and during pregnancy. Discuss your requirements with your doctor, but vaccinations you should consider for this trip include the following:
Diphtheria & tetanus Vaccinations
Japanese B Encephalitis (JBE)
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
HEALTH ON THE TRAIL
AMS (ALTITUDE SICKNESS)
AM or altitude sickness is the major concern on all high-altitude treks – be ever alert to the symptoms of AMS.
This is a fairly minor problem but it can ruin a trek, so watch what you eat and ensure your medical kit contains antidiarrheal medicine such as Lomotil or Imodium (for emergencies only) and a broad-spectrum antibiotic like Azithromycin or Nor floxacin. available without a prescription at pharmacies in Kathmandu and Pokhara. Always treat your water.
TREKKER 'S KNEE
Many people suffer from knee and ankle strains, particularly if they’re carrying their own pack. Elastic supports or bandages can help, as can anti-inflammatories such as Ibuprofen tablets and analgesic cream. and using collapsible trekking poles.
Always carry moleskin. plasters (Band-Aids) and tape in your daypack in case of blisters. Investigate any hot spot as soon as you feel it. Wear clean socks.
SUNBURN & SNOWBLINDNESS
The high-altitude Himalayan sun is incredibly strong. Bring plenty of high-factor sunscreen, a brimmed hat and a good pair of sunglasses for pass crossings.
In rural areas of Nepal, rescue services are limited and medical facilities are primitive or nonexistence. There are now lots of good Heli rescue services from Pokhara and Kathmandu and we are also working with some of the reputed rescue companies from Pokhara and Kathmandu for the extra safety of our customers. During the emergency evacuation, the cost needs to bear up from the Trekkers Travel insurance.
We recommend all our customers to get the travel insurance policy that covers theft, loss & medical treatment before you left your country. You should make sure that your insurance policies also cover soft adventure activities during your stay in Nepal. For high altitude trekkers and climbers, policies should also cover helicopter evacuation expenses in case of serious illness or accident or if clients are stranded in remote areas due to the unexpected reason.
Only a tiny majority of trekkers end up in trouble who are coming to Nepal but accidents can often be avoided or risks minimized if people have a realistic understanding of trekking requirements. Don’t take a Himalayan trek lightly. One basic rules should be followed: don’t take alone. You’ll appreciate having someone around when you’re lost, sick or suffering from altitude sickness. It’s useful to have someone to occasionally to watch your pack or valuable when you visit the bathroom or take a shower.
Check that your Travel insurance policy does not exclude mountaineering or alpinism. Although you will not be engaging in these activities on a trek, you may have trouble convincing the Insurance company of this fact.
Rescue Insurance will need to cover an emergency helicopter evacuation or a charter flight from a remote airstrip as well as international medical evacuation. Normally your insurance should cover the cost from USD 3000 to USD 15000 to evacuate from any remote part of Nepal to good cities which have medical facilities.
BASIC HEALTH INFORMATION FOR TRAVELERS TO NEPAL
Healthcare is poor in most places except the Kathmandu Valley and Pokhara. Expensive medical treatment is expected at Western travelers’ clinics in Nepal. Travelers should be aware that it might be difficult to obtain rapid helicopter evacuation if you were to fall ill or suffer a serious accident in a remote area of the country.
Foreign drivers are suggested not to drive in potentially hazardous weather conditions like storms, flash flooding, and landslides which are common during the Monsoon season.
Generally, waters are not contamination free so it will be better to drink mineral waters. In hotels and restaurant, you can get boiled and sterilized water but make sure to carry mineral water in case of small restaurants. Iodine tablets are easily available for treating water while in the trek.
During your visit avoid dairy products. Health problems can kill your entire adventure spirit and will welcome boredom and unhappiness. So stay fit to relax in the glory of your voyage.