Nepal faces several environmental problems which a prone area to the climate change as a result of it or at least compounded by, tourists actions and expectations. These include the depletion of forests for firewood, the build-up of nonbiodegradable waste, especially plastic bottles, and the pollution of waterways. You can help by choosing an environmentally and socially responsible company and heeding the following advice which our Company is committed to following.
FIREWOOD & FOREST DEPLETION
Minimize the use of firewood by staying in lodges that use kerosene or fuel-efficient wood stoves and solar-heated hot water. Avoid using large open fires for warmth – wear additional clothing instead. Keep showers to a minimum and spurn showers altogether if the wood is burnt to produce the hot water.
Consolidate cooking time by ordering the same items at the same time as other trekkers. Daal Bhat (rice and lentils) is usually readily available for large numbers of people, does not require lengthy cooking time, and is nutritious and inexpensive. Local meals are usually prepared between 10 am and 11 am, so eating then will usually not require lighting an additional fire.
Treat your drinking water with iodine rather than boiling it.
Those travelling with organized groups should ensure kerosene is used for cooking, including by porters in alpine areas ensure that a member is outfitted. With enough clothing so that fires are not a necessity for warmth.
GARBAGE AND WASTE
Purify your own water instead of buying mineral water in nonbiodegradable plastic bottles.
Bring a couple of spare stuff sacks and use them to compact litter that you find on mountain trails to be disposed of down in Kathmandu and Pokhara city or nowadays there are public dustbins in many villages.
Independent trekkers should always carry their garbage out or dispose of it properly. You can burn it, but you should remember that the fireplace in a Nepali home is sacred and throwing rubbish into it would be a great insult. Don’t bury your rubbish on their fireplace.
Take away all your batteries, as they will eventually leak toxins.
Toilet paper is a particularly unpleasant sight along trails, if you must use it, carry it in a plastic
Don’t soap up your clothes and wash them in streams instead use a bowl or bucket and discard the dirty away from watercourses.
On the Annapurna Circuit, the ACAP has introduced the safe drinking water scheme a chain of 16 outlets selling purified water to the trekkers. Its aim is to minimize the estimated one million plastic bottles that are brought into the Annapurna Conservation each year and are creating a serious litter problem. A litres of water costs between Rs 35 and 60. Which is a fraction of the cost of bottled water.